Pseudepidalea viridis / Gece Kurbağası / Green Toad

Pseudepidalea viridis / Gece Kurbağası / Green Toad

Pseudepidalea viridis / Gece Kurbağası / Green Toad  [Male/Erkek] from Enez, Edirne.

It is widespread in Central, Southhern and Eastern Europe including Turkish Thrace. In Turkey, it is widespread, inhabiting all suitable habitats in only Turkish Thrace. The similar species of Pseudoepidelea variabilis is disributed in Anatolia, to Arabia including the Middle East. It inhabits a relatively wide range of habitats (forest, steppes, semidesert regions, agricultural lands, gardens, close vicinity of human settlements), limited only by the availability of breeding sites. it is a pioneering species quickly colonising temporary mating pools, mostly in anthropogenous habitats. it breeds in a variety of water bodies, including temporary ponds, bigger puddles, streams and rivers, irrigation channels and pools etc. Bufo viridis is a middle-sized robust toad reaching a total body length of 80 mm, exceptionally more. Head depressed, rounded; eyes distant from each other, with elliptical, horizontal pupils; iris is lemon yellow to greenish, with a dark reticular pattern. Rounded eardrum is well visible. Paratoid glands are large, nearly parallel. Extremities are relatively short and strong; toes are webbed, having a single subarticular tubercle. Skin is warty. The coloration is very variable. Ground colour of dorsum is whitish to grayish, with large green or brownish green spots, which can fuse into two parallel belts. The density of these spots varies considerably. A couple of green stripes extend from the nostrils to the eye. There are series of crossbars on the limbs dorsally. Belly is whitish, grey-white or yellowish, often with small darker spots. Males have a thickened base of the ıst finger, relatively longer extremities, vocal sac, pale coloration and are of significantly smaller size. Tadpoles are small, up to 4-5 cm, with clearly rounded tail tip; brown to olive-grey; with greyish white belly. Later, during the metamorphosis, they possess dark markings.
Mostly a nocturnal, terrestrial species, found in water only during the short mating period. Maturity is reached in the 2nd year. Bufo viridis is ecologically a very plastic species, often considered to be one of the genetically most variable vertebrates. it is able to survive even extreme climatic conditions. it spends dry periods in deep, cool and humid burrows, holes and crevices, emerging only after the sunset. Diet of Bufo viridis consists of a wide variety of invertebrates. If molested, skin glands secrete a toxic excretion.

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