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Psittacula krameri (Ring-necked parakeet / Yeşil papağan)

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Psittacula krameri (Ring-necked parakeet / Yeşil papağan)


Psittacula krameri (Ring-necked parakeet / Yeşil papağan) [Female/Dişi] from Bornova, İzmir - 02.07.2009.


This non-migrating species is one of few parrot species that have successfully adapted to living in 'disturbed habitats', and in that way withstood the onslaught of urbanisation and deforestation. In the wild, this is a noisy species with an unmistakable squawking call.

As is the case with all Psittacula (Afro-Asian Ringnecked Parakeet) species, the Rose-ringed Parakeet is sexually dimorphic. The adult male sports a black neck-ring and pink nape-band while the hen and immature birds of both sexes either show no neck rings, or display shadow-like pale to dark grey neck-rings and light (lighter coloured than surroundings) nape-bands.
Four subspecies are recognized, though they do not differ much:

• African subspecies:
1. (P. krameri krameri): African-ringnecked (aka ARN) Parakeet : West Africa in Guinea, Senegal and southern Mauritania, east to Western Uganda, Eastern South Africa, and Southern Sudan.
2. (P. krameri parvirostris): Abyssinian-ringnecked (aka Aby-RN) Parakeet : Northwest Somalia, west across northern Ethiopia to Sennar district, Sudan.
• Asian subspecies:
1. (P. krameri manillensis): Indian-ringnecked (aka IRN) Parakeet : Originates from the southern Indian subcontinent; and has feral and/or naturalized populations worldwide. In Australia, United States, and other western countries, it is often referred to as the Indian Ring-Necked Parakeet/Parrot.
2. (P. krameri borealis): boreal or Neumann's ringnecked (aka BRN) Parakeet :Bangladesh, northern India and Nepal to central Burma; introduced populations worldwide in localities.

Wild flocks also fly several miles to forage in farmlands and orchards causing extensive damage. They have been found to feed extensively on pigeon pea during winter in India. They also breed during winter unlike most other South Asian birds.

Rose-ringed Parakeets measure on average 40 cm (16 inches) long including the tail feathers. Its average single wing length is about 15–17.5 cm (6-7 inches). The tail accounts for a large portion of their total length. African ssp. are slender in bodies but usually display longer tail feathers (more so in mature male specimens) than Asian ssp. which are typically stockier in bodies. The former usually display darker (brownish-red) upper mandibles while the latter always display bright-red upper-mandibles.

The Rose-ringed Parakeet has established feral populations in India, a number of European cities, South Africa and Japan. There are also apparently stable populations in the USA in Florida, California and Hawaii with a small but self-sustaining population in Tehran, Iran, mostly concentrated in the northern parts of city. They are also found almost throughout Israel.

Reference: 1. Wikipedia (ENGLISH).
2. Wikipedia (TÜRKÇE).

Author Bayram GÖÇMEN
Created on Thursday 02 July 2009
Posted on Friday 01 July 2011
Tags İzmir, TURKEY / TÜRKİYE
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